Monday, August 24, 2020

American Psycho vs American So essays

American Psycho versus American So expositions American Psycho versus American culture Executive Mary Harrons American Psycho, depicts a man who shows up socially, monetarily, and socially effective to the outside world. However, a similar culture that he endeavors to overcome appears to lead him to awful demonstrations of savagery. The minor thought of submitting the demonstrations of savagery shows the ruins of our present society. A portion of these destructions might be loss of regard for other people, and a cash driven attitude. Driven by Greed, Harrons Patrick Bateman is ceaselessly making progress toward upgrades in his physical appearance, budgetary/societal position, and manliness. This persistent requirement for development and want for flawlessness by Patrick reflects our American hard working attitude. American Psychos Patrick delineates how his financial and social height can cover his sequential executioner attitude. In a scene where he examines film audits with his secretary while holding a nailgun to the rear of her head. She has no clue about the pneumatic nailer and thinks he is a typical, rational individual due to his high societal position. As he draws ladies back to his extravagant loft, he is utilizing his cash and decent things as an apparatus to submit these demonstrations of brutality. This unexpected bit of a keeps an eye on attitude identifies with how what Newitz alludes to as monetary execution tension could compel somebody to do bizarre things because of a dread of blemish. The enthusiasm of viewing the film of sequential killings may identify with a madness brought about by our own way of life. Our industrialist society, in spite of the fact that prompts some monetarily fruitful individuals, may have profound passionate downsides to those that decide to take an interest in its workforce. The book Mythologies of Violence in Postmodern Media, altered by Christopher Sharrett talks about a craving to devour endlessly that is available in our current monetary societys mind. This requirement for things, for example, costly vehicles, and pleasant houses intelligently lea... <!

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Process Selection and Design Essays (956 words) - Sleep,

Taking a gander at the underlying procedure in getting myself and my kids together, I discovered two significant container neck territories, and other upsetting components that influence the procedure configuration identified with planning myself and my kids prepared for school and work. I have three youngsters. My most established is a young lady and is 18 years of age. The center kid is additionally a young lady, and is 15 years of age. The third is a kid, and as of late turned 13 years of age in May. The morning normally began with my caution going off at 0630. I will concede that there are times when I do hit the rest catch to get an extra nine minutes of rest, however my nap limit is one! When alert, I go to each child?s space to wake them up. My little girls reliably wake up, in any case, it as a rule requires some investment or two to awaken my child. I at that point proceed onward to the restroom to shower, and to brush my teeth and finish hair and cosmetics. While I am showe ring, one of the youngsters showers and brushes their teeth in the subsequent washroom. My child is ordinarily dozing until I finish my washroom time, and gets the last reminder to get up and to begin his own shower. My little girls for the most part alternate showering in the other restroom. After all restroom movement, garments are pressed. Generally, the principal individual finished with washroom time gets to the iron first. As I noted on the first flowchart, for time (or so I thought), if pressing was not finished when I expected to the iron, I completed the entirety of the pressing myself. From the 0630 wake up (here and there 0639), waking the children and completing my washroom time around 25 minutes have passed by. On the off chance that the pressing isn't finished by every youngster, I am surging by then to ensure their garments are done, with the goal that we would all be able to get dressed and I can give some sort of breakfast. The kind of breakfast relies upon the measure of time accessible. We as a whole should go out by 0745 to get to our individual places on schedule. On the off chance that I am finished dressing by 0715, I am ready to really cook something like eggs, bacon and toast. On the off chance that running any later than that, it turns into a pop tart or cold oat morning. Utilizing the use metric in taking a gander at my morning procedure, plainly numerous enhancements are required. The primary bottleneck happened at the washrooms. There are two in the house, in any case, since everybody in my family unit was showering in the first part of the day, a bottleneck happened, representing superfluous space between singular cycle periods while one individual is sitting tight for the other to wrap up. This no ifs, ands or buts influences our morning efficiency causing unneeded deferrals. The subsequent container neck happened in the zone of pressing garments. In spite of the fact that there are two irons and pressing loads up, four of us as a rule have pressing to do, and once more, we run into a bottleneck and inefficient holding up time. My underlying arrangement included freeing the procedure of the superfluous postponements brought about by the bottlenecks. The proposed answer for restroom time required at any rate two individuals washing around evening time versus toward the beginning of the day, in this way opening up the washrooms and disposing of pointless ends underway. For pressing, the recommended improvement was end of the week readiness of everyone?s garments for the week. This takes out additional means in the first part of the day procedure just as ends underway. Changing showering time shaved a decent 20 minutes off of the time we as a whole spend in the restrooms. Throughout the end of the week, the young ladies loyally arranged their garments, however I secured that the pressing position my child did towards the end wasn?t so incredible. Consequently I added to the procedure to check the apparel arranged before the weeks began to guarantee things are done accurately before the week begins. Every youngster has a check in the room, yet none with boisterous alerts. Over the main end of the week, I bought three morning timers with blasting cautions and put them over the space to guarantee my children would need to really stand up and turn off the alert. I set their cautions for 0600 to

Sunday, July 19, 2020

Database Administrator Resume Examples, Template, and Resume Tips

Database Administrator Resume Examples, Template, and Resume Tips Today, in the age of technology we live in, there is no doubt about how important database administrators are, as people who are making sure all of our valuable information is safe, well-organized and easily accessible.Database administrators are necessary for any company or organization that uses IT systems in their day-to-day business, in order to keep the whole information system, and with that the company, running smoothly.When considering the advantages of using databases and their use in business overall today, it’s easy to conclude that there’s high demand for database administrators on the job market.That is a good thing, of course, but it means that the profession is highly popular, and therefore the competition for getting the jobs in this career is very high. How to compete with all others who have the same profession?We strongly believe that the difference between you getting your dream position and someone else getting it depends a lot on how good you write your resu me.If you think your education, experience and skills are what makes you the perfect candidate for a job of a database administrator, and you feel prepared to tackle all work that there is to do around databases, keep reading our guide to learn to write a resume that will reflect all that and help you get your dream job!Database Administrator Resume Example Right Database Administrator Resume Sample Right Create your own resumeThere you have it â€" two prime examples of what a great database administrator resume should be.Take a good look at them and try to optimize your own work resume in the same way, while making sure you use the right way of presenting your work experience, education and skills.Keep reading to learn the way of perfecting each and every part of your resume, section by section.Also, why not take a look at our resume templates? They can only make your job of writing a database administrator resume easier, so why not check them out.HOW TO WRITE THE PERFECT PERSONAL INFO SECTION FOR YOUR DATABASE ADMINISTRATOR RESUMEAs you probably already assumed, here’s the one section that you simply must include â€" your personal information section.The employer needs to have an idea about who they’re thinking of hiring, so it’s important here to put in the most valuable information, which will paint a good picture of who you are.Of course, this doesn’t mean the potential employer must know every little detail about you â€" leave out anything you don’t feel comfortable sharing.There are also some things better left unsaid when it comes to your resume, such as social security number, race, religion or sexual orientation.We recommend starting this section with your name and professional title.Writing the position you’re applying for is a little detail that will leave a big impression because it implies you adapted the resume specifically for this job position.We’re sure you know how to write your name, but let us remind you to leave out any nicknames or middle names you might have.Garrett Brown RightGarry John Brown WrongYou may think a logical part of your resume is a photo, but in some countries, it’s actually pretty common for resumes not to have one, for example in the US or in the United Kingdom.On the other hand, if it is specified that you should add a photo, choose the one where youve dressed appropriately and where you seem approacha ble and open since these details leave a great first impression.What is also an important part to add to this section is your contact information, because how else can the employer contact you in case you’re the person who ends up getting the job?It’s recommended to write your mobile phone number since you’ll be more likely to answer than in case you write your house phone number, and your e-mail address, the professional-sounding one, of course, not the one you made when you were WrongYou can end this section with your social media account links, if you’d like, but personalize the links before you put them in the resume, and filter out any possible embarrassing details those profiles may contain.HOW TO WRITE THE PERFECT SUMMARY FOR YOUR DATABASE ADMINISTRATOR RESUMELet’s move on to the next section, that could, without doubt, be the most important part of your whole resume â€" the summary section.The reason why thi s part is so valuable is that it consists out of a couple of sentences that summarize your education, previous experience in the field you’re applying for and the qualifications that make you the person for the job.Just looking at this section gives the employer a lot of information about whether you should get the position or not, so you might as well write it as good as you can.Here are some mistakes you should avoid when writing this section:Exaggerating â€" no one likes people who brag about themselves â€" avoid overdoing it and writing in a way that makes you seem so much better than you are in reality.Writing too little â€" of course, this is a summary and should be concise, but that doesn’t mean it should also be boring and short â€" make sure to actually make it eye-catching and informational.Forgetting it’s a summary â€" remember, this should mirror all the information you wrote in the rest of your resume, so keep it that way and include facts that you mentioned in ot her sections.You will leave an impression of having a resume relevant to the job offer with starting the resume section with your professional title and years of experience.SummaryDetail-oriented database administrator with over 4 years of experience in database management for companies with different data administration requests. RightThe next piece of information that should be included is your most honourable achievements, backed up by evidence provided in numbers and percentages.Summary (cont.)Helped increase company revenue by 10% by executing better database practices and measures. RightEnd this section with a bang by including your qualities and skills, all combined with a professional goal and the way you plan to achieve it when you get the position you are applying for.Summary (cont.)Looking forward to working in a dynamic environment in order to implement the best possible databases solutions. RightHOW TO WRITE THE PERFECT EXPERIENCE SECTION FOR YOUR DATABASE ADMINISTRA TOR RESUMEHere is the part of your resume where you get to highlight the past work experience you have and the lessons and skills you gained through those.Employers pay close attention to this section in particular because it provides them with an overlook of everything you’re capable of doing, responsibilities you’re able to fulfill successfully and previous work positions you had, of course.As much as it seems that the more experience you have, the better, it is also important what kind of experience you have.You will certainly leave a better impression if you write only relevant positions you held in the past as opposed to jamming in too many jobs that have nothing to do with the position you’re applying for.So, that means keep it short and easy to understand. What can also help you with that are bullet points â€" the perfect text form for displaying the information you want to be visible and attention-grabbing.Another thing we would like to mention is the reverse-chronolog ical rule that is by now a standard when it comes to writing experience sections of resumes. It implies naming the more recent positions before those you held earlier in the past.Of course, the potential employer will most likely more than anything want to know where you worked in the past, but that doesn’t mean you should stop at naming the companies or ex-employers.Feel free to add details that will better explain how you spent your time there, such as the duties you had and the duration of your employment, which is crucial by the way â€" the more experience you have overall, the better.But, don’t beat yourself up in case you’ve had limited work experience.You can always focus on other parts of the resume, make them as good as they can be and through that show your motivation and qualities to the potential employer.This part of the resume is also a good place for implementing facts and statistics to closer describe your achievements and accomplishments.Experience achievement sOptimized databases by analyzing over 20 existing client applicationsProvided on standby 24/7 support in resolving database problemsOffered customer support to over 50 clients RightExperience achievementsManaged database administration WrongHOW TO WRITE THE PERFECT EDUCATION SECTION FOR YOUR DATABASE ADMINISTRATOR RESUMEIn order to get a job as a database administrator, you will most likely need a completed four-year college degree.You can focus on becoming a database administrator from the very start of your studies, or, which is more common, choose any Information and Communication Technologies program and specialize from there.The education section must include information such as where you studied (the university and where it’s located), how long it took you to finish the studies and the name of the academic degree you obtained. Right WrongAfter you’re done with your formal education, it would be best to keep learning in order to gain more knowledge and experience in such a complex field as database administration.The best possible way to expand your knowledge is through training programs and certifications, which prove your capability to work in different database systems, such as Oracle, IBM, Microsoft SQL Server and others.Employers will definitely look for people certified in the database software the company uses, so you can even try to find out which software is being used in your preferred job position before applying, just to see if you need some other certifications than the ones you already have.Luckily, there are plenty of database administrator training courses online, and you can complete them in one to six months and add them to your resume. RightHOW TO WRITE THE PERFECT SKILLS SECTION FOR YOUR DATABASE ADMINISTRATOR RESUMEIf you’ve been waiting to show your potential employer all you’re capable of, here’s the section for that!You’re probably aware of the important role skills play in applying for any job, so let us give you some advice on how to make this part of your resume exceptional.The skills section should contain all activities and tasks one database administrator should know how to do, as well as some general people-interaction skills that are a necessity in the workplace.As with other parts of the resume, this section should also stay relevant to the position you’re hoping to get. This means that even though you could be a pretty good violinist, that skill probably doesn’t belong in the data administrator resume.Make this section stand out to anyone who looks at it by listing the skills in bullet point form since it’s easier to read than paragraphs of text.Also, there are a few tricks you can ap ply to make the skills more attractive and impressive. For example, you can rely on numbers and facts to do that for you.Provided customer support for over 25 clients.Or, try to describe the skills in a detailed way that paints a better picture of what you can do.SkillsOracle Database creation, optimization, maintaining and updating RightSkillsOracle WrongThe person employed as a database administrator should have technical skills in the field of data administrations, but even though these skills learned through education and certification are extremely important, they on their own don’t make a good database administrator.There are also personal skills that make database administrators good in what they do, for example, the curiosity to always learn more and good organizational skills, as well as the ability to quickly recognize a problem and solve it.As you can see, there are two main groups of skills a person can have.The first are those you have most likely encountered and le arned during your studies, so-called hard skills, and the other type soft skills, are learned through day-to-day communication and relations with people.We recommend you include some of these skills in your database administrator resume:Soft skills: Curiosity, Logical thinking, Solution-oriented, Analytical, Organizational skillsHard skills: Database Upgrades, Oracle database administration, IBM database administration, Microsoft Access Databases, Backup and Recovery, Mathematics Keep in mind that having both types of skills is what is going to complete your skills section and show to the employer what you’re capable of and why you’re the perfect employee for the position.USEFUL TIPS AND TRICKS TO USE WHEN WRITING YOUR DATABASE ADMINISTRATOR RESUMEThe length of the resume â€" Maybe you’re one of those people who struggle to write even just one page of the resume, or perhaps you have three pages and you think about adding more. Either way, you should know that a resume should ideally have one or two pages, no more and no less.Reviewing â€" Think about someone you know who has either wrote or read many resumes before. You should have them see the finished result before sending it to the employer since they will be able to recognize potential mistakes and help you make the resume as professional as it can be.Grammar check â€" It goes without saying that having bad grammar leaves a terrible first impression on the person reading your resume. Thankfully, it is easily preventable thanks to many apps available today, or simply by sending your finished work to a proof-reader.Adjusting the resume â€" Ideally, you should have a different version of your resume for every job you apply for. Adjust what you’re writing to each and every position so that your resume fits the job offer perfectly.Be exact â€" Read your resume multiple times to make sure everything you wrote makes sense, is easily understandable and gets across the point you wanted. Avoid overcomplicat ing your sentences and get straight to the point of what you would like to present.Bullet point form â€" When you think about how little time the employer probably has for reading resumes, it’s understandable you will want your resume written in such a form that is easiest to read, and that is bullet points.Font â€" Don’t think this detail is unimportant â€" choosing a professional-looking font will do a lot when it comes to the appearance of your resume.Highlighting â€" Use highlighting to bring more attention to the most important parts of your resume, but be careful not to go overboard so it doesn’t look tacky.Resume template â€" Don’t start panicking if you feel like you don’t have enough time or skill to produce a job-winning resume. That’s where our resume templates can help you and make everything so much easier and faster.CONCLUSIONCongrats, you’ve made it to the end of our guide on how to produce a perfect resume! Now you should be prepared to get to writing t he resume that will get you that perfect job position you’re after.Just make sure you follow our tips and tricks and you should have no trouble with reaching that goal.Read our instructions carefully, make sure all sections we covered are also included in your resume and pay close attention to skills employers look for the most. If you get confused you can go back to our examples at any moment to help you out.We also recommend checking out our resume template builder for even faster writing, or in case you feel you need a little bit extra help.Go out there and get that dream job of yours! Create your own resume

Thursday, May 21, 2020

The Effects of Bullying on Childhood Development - 906 Words

Bullying is everywhere; it takes place in the home, office, cyberspace and schools; bullying is especially common in schools. Schools are supposed to be a haven for children to learn and build educational and social skills. However, the ill effects of bullying are disrupting children’s education, social skills, and lives. According to a youth risk and behavior survey (2011), approximately 20% of students in grades nine through twelve have been bullied (Heintz 1). Bullying was once thought as a normal part of childhood development; however, in recent years bullying is classified as a major health concern (Tusinski 10). Bullying can have dire effects on children’s psychological and social development. As stated by Karin Tusinski, â€Å"victims of bullying often experienced problems of depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem, as well as difficulties at school† (11). In addition, the aftereffects of bullying can follow children throughout adulthood; therefore, it is critical to eliminate bullying from the start to ensure it does not cause long lasting effects on its victims. Parents and students must be educated on the effects of bullying in hopes of thwarting it. What is Bullying? â€Å"Bullying is the use of force, threat or coercion to abuse, intimidate or aggressively impose domination over others† (Heintz 1). In principle, bullying can be viewed as a form of physical or psychological violence; which is usually repetitive in nature. Bullying comes in three forms, physical,Show MoreRelatedThe Lifetime Effects Of Bullying And Bullied808 Words   |  4 PagesTopic: The lifetime effects of bullying and being bullied General Purpose: To inform Specific Purpose: To give a clear understanding of the various concepts and theories the effects of bullying and/or being bullied can have on people during their adult lifespan. Thesis Statement: In the peer-reviewed article Bullying and Being Bullied in Childhood Are Associated with Different Psychosocial Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health in Men, authors Karen A. Matthews, Richard J. Jennings, Laisze LeeRead MoreBullying And Its Effect On Children s Development Essay1708 Words   |  7 PagesBullying can happen as young as the child is placed in an environment associating with other children. As a matter of fact, bullying can happen at home when the child has another sibling also known as sibling bullying. There are several types of bullying from physical, social, verbal to cyber bullying. In this research paper, it will cover how bullying as a whole affects the child’s development. Bullying is typically a form of an ongoing aggressive behaviour intentionally directed at a certain individualRead MoreNegative and Positive Effects of Peer Relationships1564 Words   |  7 Pagesof much importance to a healthy development, helping children through peer pressure, acceptance, and the anxiety of belonging. Yet how important is the environment that a child is raised on, this being shared or non-shared? How difficult or easy can peer pressure be? Will peer pressure help or deter a child from being functional. How much do these factors affect development from childhood to adolescence? This paper will explain the different stages of childhood to adolescence, and how a child andRead MoreThe Emotional Development Of Young Children1085 Words   |  5 PagesThe emotional development in young children plays a very important role throughout their lives especially in their education. From birth to about eight years of age, children are learning the meaning behind each emotion and how to appropriately use them to express themselves. Erik Erikson, psychologist, created an 8 socioemotional stage development theory explaining what skills were being developed at certain ages. Parental monitoring is important during childhood to determine the ir emotional progressRead MoreFactors That Influence Lgbt Peoples Health Through The Lens Of Violence1717 Words   |  7 Pagesdeath, psychological harm, mal-development or deprivation (Coreil, 2010, p. 381). According to Sloan and Gustavsson Violence is more than physical attack seen on the street. Violence can occur in schools, hospitals, religious settings, employment, housing, policies. Violence can also be perpetrated by individuals, state, organization, and institution. Social factor that affects health of LGBT youth include education, neighborhood condition, early childhood development, racism, working conditions, incomeRead Moreforce have contributed to a dramatic shift in family eating habits. The traditional family dinner900 Words   |  4 Pagesof safe neighborhoods also contribute to increases in childhood obesity. Our local community lacks organized opportunities for safe, recreational activities; therefore, in the absence of adult caregivers, many latch-key children are instructed to remain inside the home, watch television, play video games or surf the Internet. These sedentary lifestyle choices do not encourage active engagement which results in increases in incidents of childhood obesity. Our local school district’s socioeconomic statusRead MoreBullying And The Act Of Bullying Essay1660 Words   |  7 Pages----------- One may assume bullying in schools was all too common. And of course, in the end, they would absolutely right. For whether one has been the victim of bullying or, perhaps, a perpetrator of it, themselves, one has no doubt been exposed to stories of bullies through friends and family, as much as through movies and media. Indeed, it seems like bullying itself is a theme inseperable theme from one’s childhood or adolescent experience inc school. Whether was the victim of it or not, theyRead MoreThe On Signs Of Biosocial, Cognitive And Psychosocial Development1364 Words   |  6 PagesHowever, for middle children which are between the ages of 7 through12 this time may seem more like a nightmare because it marks the time when they undergo physical and mental changes. These physical and mental changes have a major impact on their development. The subject in this scenario is a little boy named Mark who is being bullied at school by a group of older boys to the point that he has received bruises from the encounters. As a result, Mark dislikes going to school for the fear of being embarrassedRead MoreDiminished Self-concept and Value After Bullying Essay721 Words   |  3 PagesChild development, bullying The weak, bully others†¦. If people throw stones at you take them up and build something According to well known psychologist Erik Erikson every child passes through various stages of development at the respective ages in their life for example infancy, early childhood, preschool, school age, adolescence his is constant for the fast majority; with few exceptions. These stages have adverse effects on these children; development itself is a hurdle that every child hasRead MorePersuasive Speech : Bullying By Giving Reasons Why They Should Not Bully1132 Words   |  5 PagesTopic: Bullying General Purpose: To persuade. Specific Purpose: To persuade the audience to think before bullying by giving reasons why they should not bully. Thesis: Bullying has been a major social issue because research has found that bullying causes psychological harm and suicidal ideation; however, it can be prevented by simply following the Golden Rule. I. Introduction A. Attention Getter: I want to give you a split second to think back to the last time someone said something hurtful to you

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Smart Home Technology - 10920 Words

Smart technologies for older people a systematic literature review of smart technologies that promote health and wellbeing of older people living at home May 2012 Authors Meg Morris, PhD Chair Physiotherapy, The University of Melbourne Elizabeth Ozanne, PhD Associate Professor, Social Work, The University of Melbourne Kim Miller, PhD Senior Lecturer Physiotherapy, The University of Melbourne Nick Santamaria, PhD Chair Translational Nursing, The University of Melbourne Alan Pearce, PhD Senior Research Fellow, Deakin University Catherine Said, PhD Research Fellow Physiotherapy, The University of Melbourne Brooke Adair, B.Phys Research Assistant, The University of Melbourne Acknowledgements With†¦show more content†¦In 2010, 13% of the population was over the age of 65 years and by 2050 this is predicted to rise to around 20%. Australia has been proactive in response to population ageing, with a well articulated policy in relation to residential and community care since the mid 1980s. Given its comparatively small population of 22 million, there has been time for the government, the broader community and institutional structures to plan ahead to respond appropriately to the social and economic implications of an ageing society. Since the mid 1980s, in line with international trends amongst mature developed economies, there has been a gradual shift from institutional to community care and the articulation of ‘ageing in place’, ‘productive’ and ‘active ageing’ policies. Governments of both the right and the left in Australia have actively pursued these agendas, influenced by the policy leadership of key international agencie s such as the World Health Organization (WHO), OECD and various initiatives of the International Year of Older Persons (Australian Government Treasury, 2010; Commonwealth of Australia Productivity Commission, 2011; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2001). In the light of rapidly growing demand and the development of new service modes and technologies, ageing and community care policies have been under constant review. The National Productivity Commission has just completed a major inquiry into Care of OlderShow MoreRelatedTechnology Behind a Smart Home Essay614 Words   |  3 Pagesthe beginnings of the automation era, smart homes are making permanent and unprecedented changes to the way we live. Forgetting things like setting security alarms or turning on the dishwasher could become relics of a former way of life as automation systems manage and link our appliances, thermostats, and even computers while putting all their features into the palms of our hands. Imagine being able to control your home with a simple remote while youre at home and with your tablet PC while on theRead MoreDesigning Of Electronic Controller Smart Home With Embedded Technology1595 Words   |  7 Pages3: Designing of Electronic controller smart home with embedded technology 1. Introduction 1.1 Embedded Technology has become an important feature for commercial products and a popular research topic within the last ten years. There are now more mobile phone subscriptions than wired-line subscriptions. Lately, one area of commercial interest has been low-cost, low-power, and short-distance embedded technology used for personal wireless networks. Technology advancements are providing smaller andRead MoreHome Upgrade Essay905 Words   |  4 Pageshave the misconception that it isnt possible for an existing home, and especially an older home, to receive smart home upgrades. Fortunately, smart home upgrades are possible for your home. The following are a few popular upgrades that can get you started with a home that is more convenient, safer and energy efficient. Mister Sparky electric repair service in Huntsville, AL can provide you with these and more. Smart Lock Systems Smart locks are systems installed on dead bolts that can be controlledRead MoreTechnology Devices Serve The Elderly Population At Home992 Words   |  4 PagesSince the beginning of the Internet the world has evolved in technology products. We wake up using technology; from cell phones to smart TVs, we cannot live without it. Technology has helped us connect with people whom we would never have connected with before. In today’s generation, we are constantly using smart phones, laptops, tablets and Smart TVs to connect with people and other resources. Our health care delivery systems have also had the need to evolve from paper charting to electronic chartingRead MoreMobile Phones, Mobile Phone, Bluetooth, Wireless Appliances Smart Home Essay1073 Words   |  5 PagesThese technologies allows users to handle the home appliances remotely from anywhere and anytime and which is secure. Now a day’s almost all individuals are using android mobile phones and of course, it co mes with inbuilt Bluetooth in it. So it reduces the cost and ease of installation. These Technology advancements have made the implementation of embedded systems within home appliances. Automation of the surrounding environment leads to decrease their work and allows increasing his work efficiencyRead MoreComputer Computing And Smart Environment1068 Words   |  5 Pagesthe revolutionary computing and smart environment .Various technologies satisfying the maximum need of smart world but they are failing in tight coupling to the internet. Therefore the people want extension for the existed technology. The ‘IoT’ known as ‘Internet of Things’ is an ideal technology emerging to influence the existing communication and internet technologies in a broader way. The IoT creates the interface or medium to the users to monitor and control smart devices via internet. IoT is connectingRead MoreBusiness Architectural Proposal Essay examples863 Words   |  4 PagesSmar t Thermostat Business Architecture Proposal Capella University Introduction Products for smart homes will start to see a big growth in the upcoming years thanks in part to the progression of the mobile network infrastructure. Newly developed applications cloud services are setting the stage for a more sophisticated home monitoring service. Because of opportunities like this, is the reason why a proposal for a business architecture supporting Smart Homes, Inc is being submitted. The mainRead MoreThe Smart Grid And Smart Meter1157 Words   |  5 Pagessustainable, reliable and economic way. Smart grid and smart meters are the new power grids, which has been used in some countries to obtain the sustainable uses. They hold potential to benefit customers and the environments. This report is meant to give an overview about the smart grid and smart meters by describing what is the smart grid and smart meter. In addition, it introduces several technologies from these power grid systems and how these technologies impact on the environment and renewableRead MoreThe Rights Of The United States1343 Words   |  6 Pagesfor reducing gun violence, shaping gun safety technology emerged as a major breakthrough in the fight against gun violence in America. This solution showed the idea that all the guns should be equipped with a reader on the gun or the trigger, so that the technology allows only authorized people to unlock and shoot their guns just like fingerprint scanners of the smart phone (â€Å"Fact Sheet†). This special feature of smart gun safety shows that this technology is able to prevent gun accidents and unauthorizedRead MoreSecurity And Privacy Issues Of Iots1652 Words   |  7 PagesAbstract: The presence of smart things around us is growing r apidly. The world as we speak now is filled with crores of smart things, collecting rich amount of data. This paper is a general survey of all the security issues existing in the Internet of Things (IoT) along with an analysis of the privacy issues that an end-user may face as a consequence of the spread of IoT. The survey is mostly focused on the security loopholes arising out of the information exchange technologies used in Internet of Things

Marx’s Theory of Class Free Essays

Marx’s definition of class. It’s strengths and weaknesses. – Although the concept of class has a central importance in Marxist theory, Marx does not define it in a systematic form. We will write a custom essay sample on Marx’s Theory of Class or any similar topic only for you Order Now Marx left this problem of producing a definition of the concept of social class until much later. The manuscript of the third volume of Capital breaks off at the moment when Marx was about to answer the question: ‘What constitutes a class? ‘ Even without his definition of class, one can reconstruct how the term is to be understood in his writings. In the Communist Manifesto, Marx presents us with a theory of world history as a succession of class struggles for economic and political power. The main classes of pre-capitalist societies are stated as: ‘freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master and journeyman’1. But the dominant theme of Western society is the conflict between the exploiting bourgeoisie and the exploited proletariat. Thus it is the class structure of early capitalism, and the class struggles of this form of society, which constituted the main reference point for the Marxist theory of history. This is asserted by the Communist Manifesto’s famous phrase, that ‘the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of all class struggles’2. The history of ‘civilized’ society, for Marx, has been the history of different forms of class exploitation and domination. It is the form of class domination present which determines the general character of the whole social structure. For example, the growing of wheat using traditional, non-mechanical techniques is compatible with a wide range of social relations of production. A Roman citizen often owned slaves who worked his land growing wheat; a feudal lord would seize the surplus wheat grown by the serf on the lands; the early capitalist farmers began to employ landless laborers to do their manual work for a wage which was less than the total value of the product which they created. In each case, wheat is grown on land by the labor of men and women, but the social arrangements are totally different. There are totally different class relationships, leading to totally different forms of society: ancient, feudal, and capitalist. The one thing that unites these three arrangements is that in each case a minority class rules and takes the surplus away from the producers. Each society, says Marx, embodies class exploitation based on the relationships of production, or rather, the modes of production. The key to understanding – 2 – a given society is to discover which is the dominant mode of production within it. The basic pattern of social and political relationships can then be known. Since Marx concentrates his attention on the class structure of capitalist societies, it is only proper to follow him. As stated before, the key classes in the capitalist mode of production are the bourgeoisie and the proletariat, or capitalists and landless wage laborers. While Marx recognizes that there are other classes, the fundamental class division is between this pairing of the exploiter and the exploited. The bourgeoisie derive their class position from the fact that they own productive wealth. It is not their high income that makes them capitalists, but the fact that they own the means of production. For example, the inputs necessary for production – factories, machines, etc. The ability of workers to work (labor power) is in itself a marketable commodity bought for the least cost to be used at will by the capitalist. In addition, the capitalist owns the product and will always pocket the difference between the value of the labor and the value of the product – referred to by Marx as ‘surplus value’ – purely by virtue of his ownership. His property rights also allow the capitalist the control of the process of production and the labor he buys. The proletariat in contrast, owns no means of production. Because of this exploitation, Marx viewed the bourgeoisie and the proletariat as locked in deep and unavoidable conflict. As capitalism expanded, the conflict would become more intense as the condition of the workers became worse. Over time, some members of the proletariat would come to understand their unfair position and would begin to communicate with each other. This would enable them to organize and overthrow the capitalist system. The revolution would pave the way for a new socialist system that would abolish private ownership of the means of production. This forms the basis of Marx’s theory of class, and with further discussion, the complexities will present themselves. This two class model is not Marx’s only use of the word ‘class’. He uses the term of other economic groups, and particularly of the petty or petite bourgeoisie and the peasants. These groups seem to make the neat division of the Communist Manifesto inapplicable, for these two – 3 – roups obviously merge into bourgeoisie and the proletariat according to how many workers they employ or how much land they own. Marx even foresaw, with increased use of machinery and the increase of service industries, the advent of a new middle class. This raises two main questions. The first concerns the complications of social stratification in relation to the basic classes. In the fragment on ‘three great classes of modern society’ in Capital III, Marx observes that even England, where the economic structure is ‘most highly and classically developed†¦ m]iddle and intermediate strata even here obliterate lines of demarcation everywhere’3 Even though this observation does not fit easily with the idea of an increasing polarization of bourgeois society between ‘two great classes’, Cole explains how Marx: regard[ed] the blurring of class divisions as a matter of secondary importance, influential   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  in shaping the course of particular phases and incidents of the fundamental class struggle,   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  but incapable of altering its essential character or its ultimate outcome. And] in the long   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  run the forces making for polarisation were bound to come into play more and more as the   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  difficulties of Capitalism increased: so that the decisive class-struggle between capitalists   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  and proletarians could be delayed, but by no means averted or changed in its essential   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  character by the emergence of any new class. 4 Even so, Cole asks for a ‘critique’ of Marx in light of todays circumstances, questioning the validity of this statement. The second question concerns the situation and development of two principal classes in capitalist society, bourgeoisie and proletariat. In The 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, Marx gave this negative definition of a fully constituted class: In so far as millions of families live under economic conditions of existence that seperate   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  their mode of life, their interests and their culture from those of the other classes, and put   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  them in hostile opposition to the latter, they form a class. In so far as there is merely a   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  local interconnection among these small-holding peasants, and the identity of their   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  interests begets no community, no national bond and no political organisation among   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  them, they do not form a class5 4 – In the Poverty of Philosophy, describing the emergence of the working class, Marx expressed the same idea in positive terms: Economic conditions had first transformed the mass of the people of the country into   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   workers. The combination of capital has created for this mass a common situation,   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  common interests. This mass is thus already a class as against capital, but not yet for   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  itself. In the struggle, of which we have noted only a few phases, this mass becomes   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  united, and constitutes itself as a class for itself. The interests it defends becomes class   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  interests. 6 Most Marxists have recognized, that in the case of the working class, the development of a ‘socialist’ or ‘revolutionary’ consciousness poses problems which require more careful and thorough study. ‘Class interest’ itself is no longer conceived, as it was in general by Marx, as an objective and unambiguous ‘social fact’, but rather as having a sense which is constructed through interaction and discussion out of the experiences of everyday life and the interpretations of those experiences. This is further illustrated by Bottomore’s belief that an investigation into the ‘development of social classes’ would have to attend to three problems. First, the ‘consequences for the class structure, and especially for the polarization of classes, of the rapid increase in productivity and in the size of the surplus, and the concomitant growth of the middle classes’7 Bottomore states that how Marx defined the middle class, are the individuals who ‘live from’ surplus value, but also ‘assist in the realization and distribution of the surplus’. Marx foresaw the growing number of the middle class, and as a result, the declining number of working class. This would seem to strengthen the bourgeois making the transformation to a classless society more difficult. Through Marx’s own analysis, Bottomore says that the transition might not occur at all; thus, resulting in a type of society unlike the socialist society emerging from capitalism. Or, transformation brought about differently, from what Marx predicted, resulting in the classless society. ‘The nature of the social conflict that would then bring about the breakdown of capitalism and the creation of a socialist society remains unclear, and is not discussed by Marx. ‘8 – 5 – The second problem concerns the ‘various cultural and political influences’ which are a factor in the evolution of the revolutionary class consciousness. Marx, in early writings, emphasizes positive influences for this development such as: introduction of new technology (resulting in the displacement of workers to further the revolution), the reserve army of labor, the advent of the factory (resulting in concentration of workers creating a collective situation – class consciousness)9 But also negative influences such as: ‘dominant position of ruling-class ideas, the effects of social mobility, the growth of the middle classes. ’10 Bottomore then states that national or ethnic consciousness is very important; one of the powerful influences that Marx neglected. The second influence is that of the increasing social differentiation in modern societies which breaks down the working-class consciousness to strengthen the middle class. In other words, increasing the number of middle class while decreasing the number of working class; a negative influence on revolutionary class consciousness. The last problem asks what conditions are necessary beyond the abolition of classes and private property in the means of production, in order to establish what Marx referred to as socialism. Marx wrote about the advancement of science and how it could be used to abolish scarcity to meet human needs. As a result, man would be free from those labors in order to pursue their human potential. Beyond all of this, what Bottomore is implying is the further study of Marx’s political theory. Concentrating on the interaction between the development of production, emergence of new human needs, development of a political consciousness, and the creation of organizations to take part in a political struggle. Regrettably, this political theory, like the theory of class, can only be examined through fragments of Marx’s work. Another way of looking at Marx’s theory of class is how Elster attempts to define class in terms of property, exploitation, market behavior, and power. Elster claims that Marx’s ‘class’ is frequently defined as ‘a group of persons who stand in the same relation of property or non- property to the factors of production, that is labor-power and means of production. ’11 By using this definition, the words ‘property’ and ‘non-property’ are too restrictive or too open. There is a – 6 – need to distinguish between property owners but then the question arises, to what degree? This is also evident when using exploitation as a basis of defining class. As Elster puts it: ‘[t]he proposal is too coarse-grained if it locates all exploiters in one class and all exploited agents in another [and] too fine grained if classes are to be distinguished in terms of the degree of exploitation†¦. ‘infinite fragmentation’ of classes. ’12 In terms of the third proposal, defining class in terms of market behavior, Elster states that it is not useful in the study of non-market economies. Furthermore, ‘the proposal overemphasizes actual behavior and neglects its causal grounding in the endowment structure. 13 Basically, he is referring to choice. In Marx’s view, the wage laborer has no choice in who to work for and for how much. The reasoning behind this is that the capitalist (though needing workers) can employ any individual he chooses. Elster says that class is defined by what one has to do, not what one actually does. So, for exa mple, a wage laborer decides to work in a factory just for the pure joy of doing so. This individual should be put in a different class from the wage laborer who has to work in the factory. 14 Elster’s final proposal is the aspect of power in defining class. To Marx, power relationships are built into the very structure of society, whose principal feature is the existence of opposed classes. Thus, class domination and subordination are central to Marxist conception of politics and the distribution and operation of power. Power to Marx, is class power. In other words, it is a resource that is concentrated in the hands of a particular class, which that class can use to maintain and enhance its dominant position in society, a position achieved by economic exploitation. Elster says: ‘[t]he definition of class in terms of domination and subordination is too behavioral and insufficiently structural. By this I mean that the classes of the upper and lower managers are defined only by what they actually do, not – as in the case of capitalists and workers – by what they must do by virtue of what they have. ‘ – a reference back to Elster’s third proposal. What Elster reveals are some of the more obvious problems inherent in Marx’s theory of class. But all of this can still be referred to in past context. Clearly, the question that needs to be – 7 – asked is: can Marx’s analysis be applicable today? It is obvious that there are some serious problems in Marx’s account. Revolution has occurred in nations on the verge of entry into capitalism, not in societies which are mature and ‘ripe’ for change. The working class in capitalist societies has enjoyed, in the long term, a rise in the standard of living, and labor movements have won enough welfare concessions to ease many of the poor. By no means all Western societies have strong Communist parties. In addition, the growth of the middle class of managerial and professional workers appears to contradict Marx’s view that divisions among those without wealth would disappear. Western economies are open to crises, but the state seems able to keep them in check. Generally, then, Marx’s ideas seem to many people to have been disproved by twentieth century developments. However, this is a limited view. The real issues are firstly whether Marx’s general perspective on stratification was sound, and secondly, whether contemporary Western societies are still capitalists in the general basic character of their social relations. The first issue is important because Marx provides an account of stratification which is significantly different from that of many other social theorists. Very often today, sociologists see classes as merely groupings of people with similar attributes such as income, type of occupation, and so on. Marx, on the other hand, saw classes as systematically linked in a particular structure of social relationships. An explanation of inequality is given through the analysis of the mode of production. Marx points out the deeper class relations and potential conflicts below the surface of society. This strength, however, is seen as a problem by many sociologists. They argue that Marx’s class analysis is too simplistic to account adequately for the complexity of social inequality. For them, Marx’s emphasis on the ownership of productive wealth leaves us unable to explain adequately all the differences in consciousness within the mass of the population who are not capitalists. Quite clearly, the Western economies are vastly changed today in comparison with Marx’s time. There is far more economic intervention by the state in most societies of the West, and state employees of one kind or another form a large part of the work force. Nationalization and the – 8 – frequent replacement of individual owner or managers by shareholders and managerial bureaucracies have both changed the structure of industry. However, it can still be argued that private ownership of the means of production is the basis of economic power and wealth, and that the labor market is still the prime determinant of wage levels. The worker is still in a subordinate position in the work place, and the incomes of workers are still very low in comparison with those who control them. Other interpretations are possible: it is commonly argued, for example, that the West has a mixed economy which works in everyone’s interest, but others would still consider Western economies as capitalist. This brings us back to Marx’s Capital III. It is clear that there are many aspects of Marx’s theory of class which are not discussed in this essay; the theory is multifaceted. One still wonders what Marx would describe in his last work. Would it have been in the same terms as he had used thirty years before? Or would he have recognized, in this gap, the vitally important changes in the class structure of the modern societies of today, and that these changes were, to some extent, different from what he anticipated to occur? This question remains unanswered. How to cite Marx’s Theory of Class, Papers

Sunday, April 26, 2020

Art History Robert Campin Essay Example

Art History Robert Campin Paper The two artworks I chose to use for my essay are the Merode Altarpiece by Robert Campin, and The Deposition by Rogier van der Weyden. Both paintings are from the Early Renaissance, and I found both of them in my textbook. (Campin painting: page 307 and Weyden painting: page 311 in book â€Å"ART: A Brief History†) Robert Campin, who was considered a great master of Flemish painting, painted the Merode Altarpiece within the time period of 1425-1428. Robert Campin was one of the first artists of his time to experiment with oil-based colors in his work and inspired other artists to do the same. Robert Campin was considered a very strong artist because of his close attention to details and realistic paintings. Whether Robert Campin was the true master of Flemish painting was a topic that many scholars debated for many centuries. Campin died in 1444, and was declared one of the best, interestingly enough, next to the other artist I chose to use, Rogier van der Weyden. The Merode Altarpiece is a small, 2 ft tall and 4ft wide, piece of art that was suggested to have been made for a small chapel. Robert Campin used oil paints on a wooden panel, and split his painting into three different sections. We will write a custom essay sample on Art History Robert Campin specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Art History Robert Campin specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Art History Robert Campin specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The middle section was a painting of what Campin believed to be the home of the Virgin Mary. After reading the section about this painting in the book, I was interested to discover symbols that I hadn’t noticed in the piece, and what the represented. For example, the lilies on the table represent Mary’s virginity, and the hanging pot in the background symbolizes her purity. I liked how the symbolism, along with the angel, related to religion and there is a presence of God in the picture (blown out candles). In the left wing of the painting, it displays two people praying at the garden in front of a sacred house. Finally, the right panel is a view out Saint Joseph’s window, on to a busy town street and he’s working in his workshop in a dim room. The second painting I chose to do was The Deposition by Rogier van der Weyden, another Flemish painter who lived and worked in Brussels. Rogier was born in Belgium with the name Rogier de le Pasture, but then after moving to the city of Brussels, he began to use the Dutch version of his name, Rogier van der Weyden. Like Robert Campin (who worked with Rogier van der Weyden), Weyden was excellent at using many details in his paintings and the painting I chose, I chose for the outstanding detail. The Deposition was created around 1442, much later then Campin’s painting. The painting again, is oil on a wood panel (perhaps Robert Campin’s work was influential? ) and it’s 7’2 5/8 X 8’ 7 1/8 in size. The scene here is very dramatic and captivating, in a majorly depressing way. In the painting, Jesus is being carried away from the cross where he passed away by those who loved him. The fine detail on everyone’s faces completely expresses so much emotion. These people were horrified with what happened and their mourning and grieving is shown powerfully in this picture. Jesus’ body position in the scene is very similar to that of the Virgin Mary, who has fainted on the floor. Both the center of each body and the placement of their arms are incredibly comparable. Jesus’ body looks to me, much whiter and brighter then anyone else’s, and I liked that Weyden used brighter colors to make Jesus stand out and elevate his importance in the picture. Although Jesus and Mary are the two most noticeable figures in this piece, I was also very intrigued by the other people in the background. Every face is detailed so well, and the emotional essence from each face is extremely powerful and well done. What I discovered about these paintings is that there are many similarities. Starting with the artists, I found it very interesting that one actually taught the other and Robert Campin was probably was a very big influence on Rogier van der Weyden. Both these Flemish painters used oil paints on a wood panel, both had incredible detail, and both pieces were very religious. What I liked about these pictures was the detail and religious references. The detail in both these pieces are amazing, both painters used many details to help get emotions out of whoever observed their work. In Campin’s piece, the angels face and Mary’s faces particularly stood out to me. Both figures had such calm, serene faces and the feeling I got was very peaceful. On the other hand, in Weyden’s painting, the anguish and sorrow shown by the detail on each person’s face gave me a sad, depressing feeling. The different emotions I saw and felt from the detail in the faces is what drew me to these pictures. Even the backgrounds of these pictures, and the details on the clothing, were incredible and since I like photography that’s done with very high definition cameras, I’m interested in fine particulars and these paintings were very well detailed. Other then the details, I enjoyed the religious content in each picture. All the religious symbolism was interesting, and I liked seeing how each artist painted the Virgin Mary differently. Both of these paintings were appealing to me because of how they were painted, and what they represented, and I enjoyed learning about each artist and picture.